Monday, September 30, 2013

All Saints' Church, Hurworth-on-Tees

Architect J.P. Pritchett restored this 14th century church in 1870 by enlarging the chancel.

The newly installed reredos of Caen stone and Irish marble was embellished with Venetian mosaics by Salviati & Co. after designs by Pritchett. It consists of four large arcades containing two smaller ones each. The four central panels depict the Holy Trinity, Lamb of God, Pelican in her Piety, and Dove of Peace. The mosaics on either side show the usual symbols for the four Evangelists.

"New Buildings and Restorations." The Architect. Vol 4. London: Dec. 3, 1870. 324.
jmc4 - ChurchExplorer's flickr Photostream
Family Search - Hurworth

Friday, September 27, 2013

St. Andrew's Church, Earl's Colne

Parts of this church date to the 14th century, but H.W. Hayward restored it 1863-65.

A Salviati mosaic reredos of The Last Supper from around 1875 decorates the altar, which were designed by J.H. Hakewill.

Barr, Sheldon. Venetian Glass Mosaics: 1860-1917. London: Antique Collectors' Club, 2008. 125.
Bettley, James. The Buildings of England: Essex. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007. 331.
British History Online
Church Plans Online
keithb on Panoramio
Simon K's flickr Photostream

Thursday, September 26, 2013

St. Augustine's College, Canterbury

First serving as the Missionary College of the Church of England (1848 to 1947), and later as the Central College of the Anglican Communion (1952 to 1967), these buildings are now part of King's School.

Salviati made the mosaic of Christ that hung above the Warden's Chair in the college's Great Hall, which was used as a formal dining room. It was presented to the college by Dr. Henry Bailey, the school's second warden from 1850 to 1875, and was already in the room by 1882.

This may be the same mosaic the Venice and Murano Company showed at the 1880 Melbourne Expo.

It was an approximately 1/5th copy of the apse dome mosaic in St. Mark's Basilica, Venice shown below.

Above, the dining room today. However, the near wall that used to hold the mosaic cannot be seen, so it's current status is unknown.

Ewell, Robert. Guide to St. Augustine's Monastery and Missionary College. Canterbury: Cross and Jackman, 1896.
Historic Canterbury
Thomson, Mortimer. The Divine Comedy of Patriotism. London: Simkin, Marshall & Co., 1882. 40.
Dennis Jarvis' flickr Photostream
Summer Language School

Wednesday, September 25, 2013

St. Joan of Arc Parish, Harrowgate

This Roman Catholic parish was founded in 1919, but the present church building dates to 1946.

The mosaic roundels of the twelve apostles located between the nave's arches were made by Salviati sometime before 1889 and they were listed on the firm's inventory for the 1893 World Columbian Exposition (or the Chicago World's Fair).

The roundels were initially installed in Philadelphia's St. James Episcopal Church, which was built in 1871 after designs by architects Frasier, Furness and Hewitt. However, this church - on the corner of Walnut and 22nd Streets - was sold in 1945 and subsequently demolished.

In May 1947, the Philadelphia Inquirer reported that the mosaics were being re-installed in St. Joan's. As of September 2013, there was the possibility that St. Joan's would be merged with another local parish and the building would be deconsecrated and sold.

Barr, Sheldon. Venetian Glass Mosaics: 1860-1971. London: Antique Collectors' Club, 2008.
St. Joan of Arc Parish
Shinn, George Wolfe. King's handbook of notable Episcopal churches in the United States. Boston: Moses King Corporation, 1889. 138.
Skaler, Robert Morris and Thomas H. Keels. Philadelphia's Rittenhouse Square. Chicago: Arcadia Publishing, 2008. 56.
Clark, Joe. "'Arc' Stands Tall after 75 Years." The Inquirer.  September 30, 1994.
Harrowgate Picasa Webalbum
Lou Gold on This Cultural Christian
Philly and Stuff blog

Tuesday, September 24, 2013

St. Mary Redcliffe, Bristol

This Medieval church was constructed between the 12th and 15th centuries. It is a prime example of Gothic architecture.

George Godwin designed a reredos that replaced a triptych by Hogarth that was eventually moved to a redundant church. The new reredos from 1867 is made of carved Caen stone and contains "a circle of mosaic work in the central gablet, by Salviati."

The central panel is Christ blessing the loaves and the fishes. The panel on the right hand represents the distribution of the loaves and the one on the left the distribution of the fishes.

The same location today only contains an altar; the reredos are missing. They were removed in 1956 in advance of a visit by Queen Elizabeth II and consequently were intended to be gifted in 1958 to the Church of the Incarnation in Morrisville, Pennsylvania along with the Baptismal font. The font is currently in the US church, however, the reredos is not.

The reredos in their original location at the high altar c. 1867-85.

The high altar today.
Nicholls, James Fawckner. How to see Bristol (with map): A guide for the excursionist. London: J.W. Arrowsmith, 1885. 71.
The National Archives
Love Architecture
Bristol UK Postcards
Wright, John. Some notable altars in the Church of England and the American Episcopal Church. New York: Macmillan, 1908. 192.
Cornell University Library's flickr Photostream
John Clarke's flickr Photostream
Church of the Incarnation. Parish Profile. pdf. July 2010. 4.
The Living Church. Vol 136, 1958. 29.

Monday, September 23, 2013

Holy Trinity Church, Shaw

Architect Richard Drew built this church in 1870-71.

Around 1880, the Venice and Murano Glass and Mosaic Company made the mosaic of The Resurrection of Our Lord that decorates the reredos and serve as a memorial to the son of Rev. John Cocker.

British Listed Buildings
Mike Berrell on British Listed Buildings
The British Architect. October 15, 1880.  174.
Holy Trinity Shaw
Armitage Construction
Diane Stokes' flickr Photostream

Friday, September 20, 2013

Rossie Priory, Inchture

Designed by William Atkinson, this country estate was built in 1817 for Charles, the 8th Lord Kinnaird.

1825 Etching of the Estate

Pre-1949 Aerial Photograph

Much of the 15 bedroom house was destroyed and then reconstructed after 1948. The west wing and 1866 chapel by T.S. Robertson were kept, but restored at the same time. 

1940s Reconstruction Plans - The Chapel is seen on the far left.

The altar with the geometric patterned Salviati mosaics from the chapel can now be found in All Souls' Church, Invergowrie. That church was opened in 1891 and consecrated in 1896. It's Lady Chapel received the altar with the reredos because the Lady Kinnaird was a patron of All Souls' Church and her son, the 11th Baron who ascended in 1887 was not an Episcopalian.

Today, the estate is open to guests as a hotel.


Barr, Sheldon. Venetian Glass Mosaics: 1860-1917. London: Antique Collectors' Club, 2008. 124.
Museo del vetro di Murano. Vetri artistici del primo Ottocento. Regione Del Veneto, 2006. 35.
Historic Houses Association 
Departures International 
Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland 
Historic Scotland 
Sacred Scotland 
British Listed Buildings

Thursday, September 19, 2013

Grace Church, New York

The church was founded in 1818, but James Renwick, Jr. designed the current, early Gothic Revival building that was began in 1843 and consecrated in 1846.

The carved marble reredos contains a central Venetian mosaic panel of the Savior's Ascension with Christ surrounded by his eight disciples, while two apostles in individual arcades flank either side.

Renwick also designed the reredos, which was carved by English sculptors Ellin and Kitson in 1878. Clayton and Bell, as well as Henry Holiday also made stained glass for the church.

The chancel floor is marble mosaic also by Salviati, Burke and Company showing three angels with emblems of the Crucifixion.

The Churchman. Vol. 40. Nov. 22, 1879. 580.
Grace Church 
MuseumPlanet on Panoramio
Mattron's flickr Photostream

Wednesday, September 18, 2013

Cafe National, Berlin

By 1886, Dr. Salviati had a shop in Berlin at Friedrich Strasse 149 (in the Central Hotel), while the Venice and Murano Company had theirs in Linden Strasse 16. Salviati mosaics decorated many buildings in the area, including the Cafe National, built by A. Vogt located on the corner of Friedrich and Jager Strasse.

The interior of the cafe contained four mosaic pictures designed by Wiener representing four different nations. The building no longer exists.

Barr, Sheldon. Venetian Glass Mosaics: 1860-1917. London: Antique Collectors' Club, 2008. 136.
Baedeker, K. Northern Germany: Handbook for Travellers. Ninth edition. Dulau and Co., London, 1886.

Tuesday, September 17, 2013

St. George's Anglican Church, Malvern

Samuel Merrett designed the church, which was built 1865-69. In 1883, architect Robert Dalton began a two year project that added the transepts and a temporary wooden sanctuary. The chancel and the permanent sanctuary weren't completed until 1888 by Urban Billing.

The mosaic reredos of Christ and the Pilgrims at Emmaus was designed by Clayton and Bell and made by Salviati. The inscription states that it was in memory of "Matilda Charlotte Sellar Died 21st Nov 1888". The central panel is flanked by an angel on either side, one holding a banner that reads "He was known of them" and the other "In breaking of bread."

Anglican Church of Australia
St. George's Malvern
Ottre on WikimediaCommons
National Trust. Victorian Heritage Database.

Monday, September 16, 2013

All Saints' Church, Hessle

This originally 12th century church was almost completely rebuilt by architect R.G. Smith of Hull in 1870, getting a longer nave and a new chancel.

The carved reredos is divided into seven sections, with the flanking buttresses filled in with green marble. The three panels in the center are decorated with Salviati mosaics of the cross surrounded by Pelican with her Young and the Lamb of God.

The Builder. March 26, 1870. 251.
All Saints Hessle
David Wright on WikimediaCommons
A Church Near You
English Heritage

Friday, September 13, 2013

St. Mary's Church, Ealing

The original Medieval parish church was rebuilt in 1735-40 by J. Horne and then subsequently enlarged by S.S. Teulon in 1866-74.

The marble and Caen stone reredos was adorned with Salviati mosaics.

Archive photo from 1892 showing the reredos of a white marble cross on a gold mosaic background.

The chancel in 1909

The most recent restoration took place in 2002-03 and included the redecoration of the whole interior, which brought it more in line with the original Victorian design.

Although the mosaics reredos appear to be different than in the archival illustrations, it's unclear what changes were made and why.

Cherry, Bridget and Nikolaus Pevsner. Buildings of England: London 3: North West New Haven: Yale University Press, 1991. 166.
St. Mary's Ealing
Ealing Civic Society
Mark Hillary's flickr Photostream
John Salmon on Geolocation
Jackson, Edith. Annals of Ealing: From the Twelfth Century to the Present Time. London: Phillimore & Company, 1898. 240.

Thursday, September 12, 2013

St. Peter's Eastern Hill

Across the street from St. Patrick's Cathedral in Melbourne, this church was built 1846-47. The letters patent from Queen Victoria declaring Melbourne to city status in 1848 were read on the church's steps.

A wood engraving from between 1854 and 1860. The building was extended in both 1857 and 1876.

A Salviati mosaic reredos of The Last Supper from 1880 decorates the High Altar. This may be the same mosaic the Venice and Murano Company showed at the 1880 Melbourne Expo.

St. Peter's Eastern Hill
Ship of Fools
Anglican Church of Australia