Friday, August 30, 2013

St. Andrew's Church, Exwick

Built 1841-42 by architect John Hayward, this church was later enlarged in 1873-75 by Hayward at the expense of William Gibbs of Tyntesfield.

However, the church's planned tower was never built.

The original 1841 reredos by Simon Rowe was embellished in 1875 with Salviati mosaics of the Ascension of Christ flanked by two apostles on each side. Incidentally, the chapel at Gibbs' estate built at the same time was also decorated with Salviati mosaics and he may have suggested their use in Exwick.

Archival photo from 1936

Cherry, Bridget and Nikolaus Pevsner. Buildings of England: Devon. 5th ed. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1991. 387-390.
David Cornforth for Exeter Memories
Peter Holmes on Geograph
Current photographs of the reredos were kindly provided by Graeme Salisbury of St. Andrew's, Exwick

Thursday, August 29, 2013

Ethnological Museum, Berlin

Located next to the Museum of Decorative Arts (also known as the Gropius Bau) at Koniggratzer Strasse 120 (now Stresemann Strasse), this museum was built in 1880-86 by architect Hermann Ende.

Otto Lessing designed cartoons of the (then) seven planets and the solar system, seasons, arts and industry, as well as phases of life which Salviati applied in mosaic to the ceiling of the circular entrance hall.

As with many of Berlin's buildings, this museum was also damaged in World War II. It served as the Museum of Pre- and Early History until 1961, when it was eventually razed.

In 1954

In 1961

The southeastern corner of Stresemann Strasse and Niederkirchner Strasse now contains a parking lot.

Barr, Sheldon. Venetian Glass Mosaics: 1860-1917. London: Antique Collectors' Club, 2008. 136.
Grieben-Verlag. Berlin, Potsdam und Umgebungen: Praktischer Wegweiser. 118.
Westermann, George et. al. Westermanns Monatschefte. 62. G. Westermann, 1887. 375.
Staadliche Museen zu Berlin
Wolfsraum's flickriver
Architekten-Verein zu Berlin. Berlin und Seine Bauten: Der Hochbau. Berlin: W. Ernst, 1896. 228-229.
Potsdamer Platz 
Google Maps

Wednesday, August 28, 2013

Albert Memorial

G.G. Scott won the competition to design this memorial to Queen Victoria's late husband in 1863. It is located in London's Kensington Gardens, just to the north of the Royal Albert Hall and not far from the Princess Diana Memorial Fountain.

The cartoons for the eight exterior spandrels, four triangular gables, and the interior of the dome were painted by J.R. Clayton, which Salviati decorated with 1,200 sq ft of Venetian mosaic.

South facade - Poetry

East facade - Painting

North facade - Architecture

West facade - Sculpture

Albert was a great patron of the arts and the gables depict enthroned allegorical figures of Painting, Sculpture, Poetry, and Architecture, while the spandrels shows the artists at work in those fields.

Barr, Sheldon. Venetian Glass Mosaics: 1860-1917. London: Antique Collectors' Club, 2008. 18-20.
Wikimedia Commons Photo by DAVID ILIFF. License: CC-BY-SA 3.0
Monceau's flickr Photostream
Losing It

Tuesday, August 27, 2013

Luton Parish Church

The earliest church at this location was built in the 12th century, with expansions and renovations taking place up to the present day.

The Salviati mosaic reredos of the Last Supper based on DaVinci's fresco was unveiled on Easter Sunday in 1883.

The Builder. April 28, 1883. 587.
Old Photographs of Luton in Bedfordshire
St. Mary's Luton
Encyclopaedia Brittanica

Monday, August 26, 2013

St. John the Baptist Church, Barnack

Originally a Saxon church, parts of the building date to the early 11th century. A major restoration was carried out in 1853-55.

The chancel was enriched during the forty-year tenure (1851-91) of the church's Rector Dean Argles with three stained glass windows, the decoration of the chancel roof, as well as the Venetian mosaic reredos.

The Salviati mosaics under the east window depict four angels on gold backgrounds after Fra Angelico.

The Journal of the British Archaeological Association. Volume 5, London: 1899. 21.Parish History: Marsham Argles
English Heritage
Corpus of Romanesque Sculpture in Britain and Ireland
Parish News Online
Mary Kirby's Flickr Photostream
John Salmon on Geograph
Rex Harris' Flickr Photostream

Friday, August 23, 2013

New York Insurance Company, Berlin

Not to be confused with the New York Equitable Insurance Company at 43 Leipziger Strasse, this building was designed in 1880 by Kayser and von Grossheim and was located farther west, on the corner of Leipziger and Wilhelm Strasse.

Two facades of the palace contained Salviati mosaics of allegorical depictions of cities modeled after cartoons by Otto Lessing. They included: London, Paris, Berlin, Vienna, New York, and Rome.


Facade detail of the mosaics featuring two cities between windows on the third and fourth levels

Although the building next to it at 125 Leipziger Strasse survived, the New York Insurance Company building was destroyed in World War II. In typical Berlin fashion, it's been replaced by a modern office building.

Barr, Sheldon. Venetian Glass Mosaics: 1860-1917. London: Antique Collectors' Club, 2008. 136.
Grieben-Verlag. Berlin, Potsdam und Umgebungen: Praktischer Wegweiser. 140.
Guide through Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy, Switzerland, France, Belgium, Holland and England. Berlin: J. Reichmann and Cantor, 1896. 12.
Baedeker, Karl. Northern Germany: as far as the Bavarian and Austrian frontiers. 10th ed. London: Dulau and Co., 1890. 55.
Kleinanzeigen eBay

Thursday, August 22, 2013

St. Paul's Church, Langleybury

Architect Henry Woodyer, a student of William Butterfield, designed this church that was built in 1864.

Salviati mosaics depict Sts. Peter and Paul on the east wall.

St. Paul's Church Lanleybury
Cussans, John Edwin. History of Hertfordshire: Containing an Account of the Descents of the Various Manors. London: Chatto and Windus, 1879. 108.
Hunton Bridge: St. Paul's
IanAWood's flickr Photostream
Glen Smith Wedding Photographer

Wednesday, August 21, 2013

St. Melorus' Church, Cornwall

Located in Mylor Parish, the originally Norman church was thoroughly restored in 1870.

The central panel of the Bath stone reredos by C.K. Burton was embellished by Salviati mosaics. It was the gift of the grandchildren of the late Sir William Lemon.

Although it was accounted for in 1970, the reredos is now missing from the apse.

Olivey, Hugh P. Notes on the Parish of Mylor, Cornwall. Taunton: Barnicott & Pearce Athenaeum Press, 1907. 56-66.
Pevsner, Nikolaus. Cornwall. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1970. 125.
Mylor in Kelly's Directory 1914
Cornish churches

Tuesday, August 20, 2013

Charterhouse School Chapel, Godalming

The original school was founded in 1611 in London by Thomas Sutton, but a Royal Commission decided to transfer it to the countryside in 1864. The first few buildings in Godalming including the chapel were designed by Philip Charles Hardwick after the boarding school moved there in 1872. Construction was carried out by Lucas Brothers.

The chapel and memorial cloister around 1900 (below). The building was not as Hardwick had originally designed it since the school's governing body decided to make it smaller, which ended up being the reason it was replaced some sixty-four years later.

The Caen marble reredos was installed in 1874 in the east end of the chapel. Salviati enamel mosaics alternated in panels with geometric shaped marble mosaics. The upper section contained a large central mosaic of the Last Supper - a gift of Carthusian G.T. Clarke, Esq. - that was the exact length of the altar. Two Evangelists on gold backgrounds flanked each side. The lower portion contained each of the Evangelists' corresponding emblems, while the central panel depicted the Sacraments - a grape vine, a dove over water, and a trefoil - and a pink cross with a white border.

In 1937, the reredos was removed and the entire east wall was blocked up, leaving just the stained glass windows visible only from the outside. The chapel was subsequently converted into the music school in 1940. The mosaic of the Last Supper came into the possession of an old Carthusian in 1942, who six years later had it restored and placed in the Memorial Chapel of Clayton Parish (St. John's) Church some 230 miles away. The reredos was rededicated in 1949. It is unknown what happened to the other parts of the original mosaic composition.

The new chapel at Charterhouse still in use was designed by G.G. Scott and built in 1927.

Barr, Sheldon. Venetian Glass Mosaics: 1860-1917. London: Antique Collectors' Club, 2008. 125.
The Carthusian - Godalming. No. 14. The Charterhouse School, March 1874. 102.
Charterhouse, The Heritage Tour, 2.
Tod, Alexander Hay. Charterhouse. London: G. Bell, 1905. 29-31.
British History Online
Jacqueline Banerjee on Victorian Web
Hothouse Media
This is Bradford
Alexander P. Kapp on Geograph

Monday, August 19, 2013

St. Mary the Virgin, Stapleford Tawney

The chancel of this church is the oldest part of the building, dating to around 1220. Other parts were added as the years went by, including the vestry in 1862, when a thorough restoration was also done.

Sir Charles Cunliffe Smith commissioned the mosaic reredos of The Last Supper from Salviati in 1883.

A Church Near Your
United Benefice
Blackmore History
Steve Day's flickr Photostream
Whipper_snapper's flickr Photostream