Friday, June 28, 2013

Erfurt Cathedral

Also known as St. Mary's Cathedral, the present Gothic style building is from the 14th or 15th century.

The western facade of the cathedral was decorated in 1870 with a mosaic of the Madonna by Salviati after a design by August Theodor Kaselowsky of Berlin. The triangular picture was 19.5 feet wide and 27 feet high. The Madonna was in the "conventional blue and red", while the Christ child was draped in a white robe. The blue background was adorned with golden stars and an 8 inch elliptical halo surrounded both figures. All of the tesserea, except the stars which were produced locally, were made in Venice.

Undated, color postcard illustrating the mosaic.

1955 photo from the Federal Archives of Germany

Archive photo of the rear of the Cathedral from 1957.

Color photograph from late 1960s

A similar view taken in 2005.

Because of leaking, the neo-Gothic roof of the Cathedral was replaced in 1968 and the gable with the mosaic was removed. The mosaic itself was placed in storage. It was temporarily removed in 1992 to be photographed and cataloged. The cost of restoring the mosaic was found to be prohibitive and it was returned to storage.

Murray, John. "Handbook for North Germany and the Rhine." 19th ed. London: 1877, 277.
The Architect and Contract Reporter. "Mosaics in Germany." Vol 5. London: April 8, 1871. 182.
Wikimedia Commons from the German Federal Archive
Sascha Klauer's flickr Photostream
Erfurt Guide
Wikimedia Commons from the German Federal Archive
gerhard LIEB's Picasa Webalbum
motiv 42

Thursday, June 27, 2013

The Annunciation, Chislehurst

Architect James Brooks built this Catholic church 1868-70.

Nathaniel Westlake designed the mosaic tympanum of The Last Judgment that Salviati made in 1890.

Bentjeman, John and Richard Surman. Betjeman’s Best British Churches. London: Harper Collins UK, 2011.
Barr, Sheldon. Venetian Glass Mosaics: 1860-1917. London: Antique Collectors' Club, 2008. 136.
The Annunciation Chislehurst
Philip Chester's flickr Photostream
Siani D's flickr Photostream

Wednesday, June 26, 2013

Cercle de Aix-Les-Bains

Parisian architect Abel Boudier designed the Grand Casino for Victor Emmanuel II and it opened in 1850. It was substantially expanded over the years and it was even used as a hospital during World War I.


Salviati decorated the vaulted ceiling of the dome of the South Hall with 300 sq meters of mosaics in 1882-83 after cartoons by Charles Lameire.

Amongst the designs are the twelve symbols of the zodiac, the four seasons, two angels, flora and other stylized motifs.

In 1936, architect Charles Siclis whitewashed much of the interior decoration; however, after a fire in 1963 and further remodeling in the 1980's, the casino has been restored to its former glory.

Barr, Sheldon. Venetian Glass Mosaics: 1860-1917. London: Antique Collectors' Club, 2008. 129.
Lemoine, Bertrand and Alexandra Bonfante Warren. Architecture in France 1800-1900. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1998. 99.
Jazz Age Club
Bibliotheque Municipale de Lyon
Maxted Travels
Hotel Metropole
Patrimoine Aix-les-bains
Aix les Bains
Visitesclemence's flickr Photostream

Tuesday, June 25, 2013

St. Mary's Church, Pakenham

This Norman church is unusual for England because of its cruciform shape. The north and south transepts were rebuilt by architect S.S. Teulon from 1849.

Teulon designed the reredos and they were executed by architectural carver Thomas Earp of Lambeth. Earp also carved the reredos for Parish Church of St. Peter Leeds and St. Mary Magdalene Paddington.

The altar reredos are mostly gold tesserae filling the trefoil arches, with the central symbols of alpha and omega flanking a cross. A receipt for 25 GBP was issued on January 30, 1869 by The Venice and Murano Glass and Mosaic Co. Ltd. (Salviati & Co.) for the reredos.

Barr, Sheldon. Venetian Glass Mosaics: 1860-1917. London: Antique Collectors' Club, 2008. 122.
Suffolk Churches
Simon_K's flickr Photostream
The National Archives

Monday, June 24, 2013

Church of St. Ignatius of Loyola, New York

The parish was established in 1851, but construction on the present building designed by architect J. William Schickel was started only in 1895. It was dedicated in late 1898.

The Baptistry contains three mosaic panels depicting the life of St. John the Baptist. The cartoons were designed by Heaton, Butler and Bayne, while Salviati made and cut the tesserae. They were installed on site by Gorham Manufacturing.

Antonio Paoletti designed the mosaic Stations of the Cross that decorate most of the church and which were also made by Salviati and Company.

Three mosaic murals decorate the apse. They were also by Salviati after Paoletti's designs and these depict important moments from the life of St. Ignatius of Loyola.

Barr, Sheldon. Venetian Glass Mosaics: 1860-1917. London: Antique Collectors' Club, 2008.
St. Ignatius of Loyola Church History
Car Los's flickr Photostream
New York Society of Jesus
Andy Hoxie's flickr Photostream

Friday, June 21, 2013

St. John the Evangelist Scottish Episcopal Church, Dumfries

Architects William Slater and Richard Herbert Carpenter of London designed this church that was built 1867-68.

Salviati made the mosaic panels in the reredos and spandrels.

Barr, Sheldon. Venetian Glass Mosaics: 1860-1917. London: Antique Collectors' Club, 2008. 125.
Dumfries Churches
McDowall, William. History of the burgh of Dumfries. Edinburgh: Adam and Charles Black, 1867. 820.
Rose and Trev Clough on Geograph

Thursday, June 20, 2013

Royal Military Chapel, Wellington Barracks

The chapel was built in 1838 and it has served the seven Regiments of the Household Division. It is the only remaining military chapel in London.

G.E. Street remodeled the chapel in 1877-78.

1882 interior drawing

1899 photograph

The chapel was heavily damaged by bombing during World War II, first during the blitz in 1940 and 1941, and then more seriously in 1944 when 121 soldiers and civilians were killed.

It was rebuilt in the early 1960s and the chancel mosaic can still be seen in the original chancel, which had remained intact.

The chancel is decorated with three scenes: the Bearing of the Cross, the Crucifixion and the Descent from the Cross. John Clayton designed the cartoons for the mosaics, which were executed by Salviati and Burke.

London Wellington Barracks. Royal Military Chapel, Wellington Barracks. London: Hatchards, Piccadilly, 1882. 76.
"The Royal Military Chapel Wellington Barracks." The Architect. May 29, 1879. 331.
John Salmon on Wikimedia Commons
British Army
British Listed Buildings
Colin Hepburn's flickr Photostream
English Heritage
War 44 Forums
Paul Farmer on Geograph
The Guards Chapel Tragedy

Wednesday, June 19, 2013

Cimitero Monumentale, Milan

An extensive amount of mosaic decorates Milan's famous cemetery, which opened in 1866 and was designed by Carlo Maciachini. The facade of the Famedio or Monumental Chapel, built 1875-87, has Salviati mosaic lunettes designed by Lodovico Pogliaghi.

A picture representing Christ giving his benediction was made for Albert Amman to top the door to his family's tomb.

Salviati mosaics also decorate the chapels and tombs of the Visconti, Frova, Trua and Albertario families, shrines made for Goldfinger, Bonomi, Mariani, as well as at least 62 other sepuchral monuments. The examples below are likely to be by Salviati.

Barr, Sheldon. Venetian Glass Mosaics: 1860-1917. London: Antique Collectors' Club, 2008. 127, 131 & 134.
Comune Milano
Paco Alfonso's flickr Photostream
Something edited this way comes
Heiskanen's flickr Photostream
PIG sty's flickr Photostream
Lisa Solomon's flickr Photostream
Megan C.'s flickr Photostream
Christis Loizou's flickr Photostream
Callassino on YouTube
Etruscanwarrior on YouTube